The system of Value Added Tax (VAT) has been implemented, in the State of Maharashtra, w.e.f. 1st April, 2005.

Incidence and Levy of Tax

As per the provisions of MVAT, a dealer is liable to pay tax on the basis of turnover of sales within the State. The term dealer has been defined u/s 2(8) of the Act. It includes all person or persons who buys or sells goods in the State whether for commission, remuneration or otherwise in the course of their business or in connection with or incidental to or consequential to engagement in such business. The term includes a Broker, Commission Agent, Auctioneer, Public Charitable Trusts, Clubs, Association of Persons, Departments of Union Government and State Government, Customs, Port Trusts, Railways, Insurance & Financial Corporations, Transport Corporations, Local authorities, Shipping and Construction Companies, Airlines, Advertising Agencies and also any corporation, company, body or authority, which is owned, constituted or subject to administrative control of the Central Government, any State Government or any local authority.

However an agriculturist, educational institution and transporters shall not be deemed to be a dealer (subject to fulfilment of conditions).

Dealers liable to pay Tax: – [Sec 3]

  1. The dealers, holding a valid registration certificate under the earlier laws, whose turnover of either of sales or purchases exceeds the specified limits during the financial year 2004-05, shall be deemed to be registered dealer under MVAT Act and shall, therefore be liable to pay tax w.e.f. 1st April, 2005.

  2. The dealers, holding a valid registration certificate under the earlier laws, whose turnover of either of sales or purchases has not exceeded the specified limits during the financial year 2004-05, but who have opted to continue their registration certificate (by applying to assessing officer in specified format), shall also be deemed to be registered dealer under MVAT Act and shall, therefore be liable to pay tax w.e.f. 1st April, 2005.

  3. New dealers, whose turnover of sales exceeds the prescribed limits during any year, commencing on or after 1st April, 2005, liable to pay tax from the date on which such limit exceeds.

  4. A successor in business of any dealer shall become liable to pay tax on and from the date of succession.

  5. A dealer, applying for voluntary registration, shall be liable to pay tax from the date of registration.

Registration [Sec 16, R 8]

Every dealer, who becomes liable to pay tax under the provisions of MVAT, shall apply for registration to the prescribed authority, in Form 101, within 30 days from the date of such liability.

Turnover limits for the purpose of Liability/Registration

[Sec 3(4)]

Category of dealer

Total turnover sales

Turnover of taxable goods purchased or sold


Rs. 1,00,000

Rs. 10,000


Rs. 5,00,000

Rs. 10,000

It may be noted that while the total turnover of Rs. 1,00,000/- and Rs. 5,00,000/- is in respect of Turnover of Sales (which includes all sales whether tax free or taxable), the turnover limit of Rs.10,000/- is in respect of taxable goods whether purchased or sold.

Both the conditions have to be satisfied for the purposes of liability/registration under this category. [Sec 3(4)]

Documents required for the purposes of Registration

The Commissioner of Sales Tax, Maharashtra, has issued a circular dated 4th May, 2005, whereby a dealer is required to submit following documents along with the application for registration in Form 101: –

Documents to be submitted along with the application for registration:

(Note: Copies of documents must be self-attested and are subject to verification from the original)

  1. In case of fresh registration

  1. Proof of constitution of business (as appropriate):

i. In case of proprietary firm:

No proof required.

ii. In case of partnership firm:    
(Registered or unregistered)

Copy of partnership deed.

iii. In case of company:

Copy of Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association.

iv. In case of other constitution:

Copy of relevant documents.

  1. Proof of permanent residential address* (please provide at least 2 documents out of the following documents):

  1. Copy of passport.

  2. Copy of driving licence.

  3. Copy of election photo identity card.

  4. Copy of property card or latest receipt of property tax of Municipal Corporation/Council/Gram Panchayat as the case may be.

  5. Copy of latest paid electricity bill in the name of the applicant.

  1. Proof of place of business

  1. In case of owner: Proof of ownership of premises; viz., copy of property card or ownership deed or agreement with the builder or any other relevant documents.

  2. In case of tenant/sub-tenant: Proof of tenancy/sub- tenancy like copy of tenancy agreement or rent receipt or leave and licence or consent letter, etc.

  3. Copy of Electricity Bill

  1. Two latest passport size photographs of the applicant **

  2. Copy of Income Tax PAN Card (in case of Proprietary business: PAN of Proprietor; in case of partnership business: PAN of partnership firm and of all partners; and in case of registered company: PAN of the company; in case of HUF: PAN of HUF and Karta etc.).

  3. Challan in original showing payment of registration fee.

  1. Registration in case of change in constitution of the dealer

  1. Proof of change in constitution (e.g., if proprietary dealer converted to partnership firm then copy of Partnership deed, etc.).

  2. Copy of latest return-cum-challan.

  3. Challan in original showing payment of registration fee.

  4. PAN of new firm.

  5. Proof of permanent residential address.

  1. Registration in case of transfer of business

  1. All documents from 1 to 6 given in ‘A’.

  2. Copy of transfer deed.

  3. Copy of latest return-cum-challan of the original dealer.

* In case of partnership firm, proof of residence has to be provided for all the partners, in case of body corporate, proof of residence of applicant.

** In case of partnership firm, photographs of only applicant partner need to be submitted. In case of corporate bodies, the details of place of residence and PAN, etc. shall be required to be furnished only for the signatory to the application.

Further, in case of Voluntary Registration, it is necessary that the applicant dealer is having a current bank account and such dealer has to be introduced either by a registered dealer or by an advocate, chartered accountant or sales tax practitioner. (The fees payable for voluntary registration is Rs. 5,000/- while for others it is Rs. 500/- only).

In addition to payment of fees, as mentioned above, a dealer seeking Voluntary Registration, on or after 16th August 2007, has to be make an advance payment of Rs. 25,000/-. This advance may be adjusted by the dealer against tax, interest or penalty, if any, payable during the year of registration or in the immediate succeeding year. Any amount remaining unadjusted after the end of the 2nd year shall be refunded

Rate of Tax: [Ss. 5 & 6] as per Schedules

Schedule ‘A’ –

Essential Commodities (Tax free)


Schedule ‘B’ –

Gold, Silver, Precious Stones, Pearls etc.


Schedule ‘C’ –

Declared Goods, Industrial Inputs, and such other specified goods


Schedule ‘D’ –

Foreign Liquor, Country Liquor  Motor Spirits, etc

At specified rates

Schedule ‘E’ –

All other goods
(not covered by A to D)


Tax payable by a dealer: – [Sec 4]

A dealer is liable to pay tax on the turnover of sales of goods, within the State, as per the rates specified in the schedules. The tax so payable for any tax period shall be reduced by the amount of input tax credit (set off) for which the dealer is eligible during the same tax period.

Tax Period

Tax Period in relation to a dealer may be a calendar month, quarter (a period of three months; i.e., Apr to Jun, July to Sep, Oct to Dec and Jan to Mar) or six months (prescribed period of six months; i.e., April to September and October to March).

Filing of Returns and payment of Taxes

Every registered dealer shall be required to file correct, complete and self-consistent return, in prescribed form, by the due date. [Sec 20, Rules 17 to 20]

Periodicity and due date:–

A. For the periods up to 31.03.2008



Category of Dealers


Due date

(a) Specified Dealers –Dealers covered byNotification u/s 41(4)


15 days

(b) Retailers- Who have opted for Composition Scheme

6 Monthly

21 days

(c) Others- If Tax liability during previous year:



    (i) Rs. 36,000/- or less

6 Monthly

21 days

    (ii) more than Rs. 36,000/- but does not exceed Rs. 1 lakh


21 days

    (iii) exceeds Rs. 1 lakh


21 days

(d) New Dealers


21 days

B. For the periods commencing from 01.04.2008

Sr. No.




A) Newly registered dealers
B) Retailers opted for composition Scheme
C) Tax liability, in the previous year, up to Rs.1 lakh or Refund entitlement up to Rs.10 lakhs.

Half yearly


A) Dealers under Package Scheme of Incentive
B) Tax liability, in the previous year, exceeds Rs.1 lakh but up to Rs.10 lakhs or refund entitlement exceeds Rs. 10 lakhs but up to Rs. 1 crore.



All other dealers whose tax liability, in the previous year, exceeds Rs. 10 lakhs or refund entitlement exceeding Rs. 1 crore.


The due date for filing return and for payment of taxes continues to be same; i.e., within 21 days from the end of month/ quarter or six month as the case may be

Tax Liability for the purpose means aggregate of taxes payable by a registered dealer, in respect of all places of business within the State of Maharashtra, under the Central Sales Tax Act and MVAT Act after adjustment of amount of set off claimed.

Return Forms and Payment of Tax

All such returns, whether monthly, quarterly or six monthly have to be filed in prescribed forms (Return-cum-challan). There are separate forms prescribed for various categories of dealers (Forms 201 to 214 for returns filed up to 31st March, 2006, and, Form Nos. 221 to 225, for the periods from 1st April, 2006 till 31st March 2008). New return forms, i.e. Form Nos. 231 to 235, have replaced the earlier return forms, in respect of all the dealers, w.e.f. 1st April, 2008. A dealer has to use appropriate form as may be applicable to him. All these forms are return cum challan, which can be utilized by the dealers for filing the return as well as payment of tax as per return. However in case of E-return, which is now mandatory in respect of certain classes of dealers, the payment has to be made through a separate challan Form No. 210.

The tax payable, if any, as per return, (except in cases of e-filing) shall be paid into the Government Treasury along with the return. [Sec 32, R 41]

In case of delayed payments, interest is payable @ 15% p.a. Such interest is mandatory and shall be paid along with the return.

If tax payable for any period is nil or there is credit c/f, the return shall be submitted to the office of the registering authority of the respective area. (In Mumbai, at the special counters set up for the purpose at Mazgaon Sales Tax Office).

Refunds of any period can be adjusted in the return/s for subsequent or any other period/s within the same financial year. As per the provisions of MVAT, refund cannot be adjusted against liability of the subsequent year; i.e., refund cannot be carried forward to the next financial year. However, for refunds relating to financial years 2005-06 as well as for 2006–07, the Commissioner has issued Trade Circulars whereby the refund for these financial years could be carried forward to the subsequent year.

Revised return, for any period, can be filed within 9 months from the end of the year in which such tax period falls or before receipt of notice for assessment, whichever is earlier. [Sec 20(4)]

Mandatory E-filing of Returns

  1. The dealers whose tax liability, during the financial year 2006-07, has been Rs. one crore or above, are required to file (monthly) e-return for all the periods commencing from 1st February, 2008.

  2. The dealers whose tax liability, during the financial year 2007-08, has been Rs. 10 Lakhs or above shall file their monthly return in electronic format for all the periods commencing from 1st May 2008 onwards.

Input Tax Credit (ITC) (Set off): -– [Sec 48, Rules 51 to 56]

Eligibility: – All registered dealers, whether manufacturer or traders, eligible to take full set off of the taxes paid on inputs; i.e., Value Added Tax paid, within the State of Maharashtra, on purchases of Raw Material, Finished Goods and Packing Material.

Entry Tax: – The amount of entry tax, paid by a registered dealer on the goods the sale of which is liable for VAT under MVAT, will be eligible for full set off.

ITC on Capital Goods: – Tax paid on certain items of capital goods (defined) such as machinery, components, parts and spares etc. are also eligible for full set off. (On certain other items of capital assets such as furniture and fixtures, office equipments, etc. setoff is admissible, subject to retention @ 4%, w.e.f. 08.09.2006)

ITC on Miscellaneous Goods: – The amount of Vat paid on purchase of miscellaneous goods, debited to Profit & Loss A/c (such as printing and stationery, repairs, sales promotion etc.) also eligible for full set off.

ITC on Fuel: – Tax paid on purchase of goods, which is used as fuel, shall be eligible for set off, in excess of 4%. [@ 3% w.e.f. 01.04.2007]

Reduction in set off: The amount of set off, available to a registered dealer, shall be reduced to the extent as provided, under the following circumstances:–

  1. 4% of the purchase price of respective goods, if taxable goods used as fuel. [@ 3% w.e.f. 01.04.2007]

  2. 4% of the purchase price of respective goods, if taxable goods used in manufacture of tax-free goods. [@ 3% w.e.f. 01.04.2007]

    (No such reduction, if tax free goods so manufactured are textile fabrics or sugar and the same are exported out of India).

  3. 4% of the purchase price of respective packing material used in the packing of tax-free goods. [@ 3% w.e.f. 01.04.2007]

    (No such reduction, if such tax free goods are textile fabrics or sugar and the same are exported out of India).

  4. 4% of the purchase price of respective goods, if taxable goods sent to any other State in India as Branch Transfer or on Consignment. [@ 3% w.e.f. 01.04.2007]

    (No such reduction if such branch transferred goods is received back in the State within a period of 6 months whether after processing or otherwise).

  5. Specified percentage of set off, if taxable goods used in Works Contract for which the dealer has chosen to pay tax under the Composition Scheme. (Reduction @ 4% of purchase price in respect of goods used in notified construction contracts, and, @ 36% of eligible amount of set off in case of other contracts).

  6. In case of Liquor, sold by dealers holding Liquor Vendor Licence in Form FL-II, CL-III, and CL/FL/TOD/III, as per formula, if the actual sale price is less than MRP.

  7. In case of dealers, whose total receipts on account of sale are less than 50% of total gross receipts of business then set off restricted to corresponding purchases, which are sold within 6 months from the date of purchase. (In case of Hotels and clubs covered by this Rule, in addition to setoff on goods sold as above, the set off will be available on capital assets and consumables pertaining to kitchen and service of foods and drinks.)

  8. In case of closure of business, the set off on goods held in stock (other than capital assets), on the date of closure, to be disallowed and accordingly be reduced fully.

  9. 4% of the purchase price of office equipment, furniture & fixture treated by the claimant dealer as capital assets. (w.e.f. 8-9-2006). [@ 3% w.e.f. 01.04.2007]

  10. 4% of purchase price of goods which are used in the distribution or transmission of electricity (including the goods treated as capital assets), if the claimant dealer is holding a licence for transmission or distribution of electricity under the Electricity Act, 2003. [@ 3% w.e.f. 01.04.2007]

Wherever such reduction in set off is required to be done, it shall be done in the tax period in which such contingency arises.

If, for the purpose of reduction of set off, wherever required, it is not possible to identify the corresponding purchases then proportionate reduction on FIFO basis.

Condition for grant of set off

  1. Set off to be allowed only to a registered dealer.

  2. A valid Tax Invoice is must to claim set off.

  3. Proper maintenance of account of all the purchases in a chronological order stating therein the date on which the goods so purchased, the name and registration number of the selling dealer, tax invoice number & date, the amount of purchase price paid and the amount of tax paid separately.

  4. The set off on eligible goods, purchased on or after 1st April, 2005, has to be claimed in the tax period in which the goods has been purchased (entered in the books of account).

  5. The set off on opening stock (closing stock as on 31-3-2005) has to be claimed in the first return to be filed for the tax period commencing 1st April, 2005.

  6. The set off on eligible assets, held in stock as on 31st March 2005, and sold on or before 31st December 2005, to be claimed in the tax period in which such assets have been resold.

  7. In case of newly registered dealers, set off can be claimed on the goods (including capital assets) purchased before the date of registration, within the same financial year, provided that the goods so purchased is not sold or disposed of before the date of registration. (Effective from 08.09.2006)

No set off: - No set off, under any Rule shall be admissible in respect of;

  1. Purchase of passenger motor vehicles and parts components, accessories thereof unless the dealer is engaged in the business of trading in motor vehicles or transferring the Right to Use (Leasing).

  2. Purchase of motor spirit by any dealer other than a dealer in motor spirit.

  3. Purchase of crude oil, used by an oil refinery for refining.

  4. Any purchase of consumables or capital assets by a job worker (pure labour job), whose only sales are waste or scrap of goods obtained from such labour job.

  5. Any purchase made by a dealer holding Entitlement Certificate under a Package Scheme of Incentives. (Such units are entitled for refund of tax paid on purchases).

  6. Any purchase of goods of incorporeal or intangible nature other than:

  1. Import Licences, Export Permits/Licences or Quota, DEPB and SIM Cards.

  2. Soft wares in the hands of a trader in Soft wares.

  3. Copyrights, if resold within 12 months from the date of purchase.

  4. Duty Free Replenishment Certificate (DFRC), w.e.f. 01.04.2007.

Except above, all other intangible goods are debarred from setoff.

  1. Tax paid by way of works contracts in the erection of immovable property (other than plant & machinery).

  2. Purchases of building material used in the erection of immovable property (other than plant & machinery). However, a contractor, who undertakes construction of immovable property by way of works contracts, is eligible to claim setoff on purchase of such goods.

  3. Office Equipments, Furniture & Fixtures, Electric Installations, etc., (treated as capital assets), purchased during the period from 01.4.2005 to 07.09.2006. (Such assets, if purchased on or after 08.09.2006, are eligible for set off subject to retention @ 4% or 3% as the case may be).

It may further be noted that

  1. Small dealers/retailers, hoteliers, caterers, bakers, mandap decorators etc., opting for Composition Scheme, u/ss. 42(1), 42(2) and 42(4) of MVAT Act, are not entitled for any set off.

  2. There is no set off of CST paid on inter State purchases.

  3. There is no set off for any other taxes paid such as excise duty, import duty, service tax, octroi or such other levy or levies.

  4. In case of hotelier, the set off on capital assets is prohibited where such capital assets are not pertaining to sale or service of food/ drinks.

Credit C/f and Credit B/f: – If during a tax period (month/quarter/six months) the tax on total turnover of sales is less than the amount of input tax credit, then such excess amount of credit may either be adjusted by the dealer against his tax liability under the CST Act for the same period or may be c/f to the next period. The unadjusted credit c/f of one period shall become the credit
b/f for the next period. The excess credit may be carried forward in this manner till the end of the accounting year. The balance, if any, thereafter shall be claimed as a refund from the department.

Goods Return, Debit/Credit Notes: – Sections 63 (5) and (6) of the MVAT Act provides that the amount of goods returned during any period shall be reduced from the total turnover of sales/purchases of that period in which the goods returned, provided that the goods has been returned within a period of six months from the date of sale or purchase thereof as the case my be. Similarly other debit and credit notes, which are in the nature of increasing or reducing the sale price and/or the purchase price shall be given effect in the month in which such debit/credit note has been entered in the books of account of the dealer. Thus the amount of set off, for that period, shall get increased or reduced to the extent it related to purchase return and debit/ credit notes having impact on the purchase price of goods.

Exports: – Exports are treated as zero-rated. Thus no tax is payable on export of goods out of India. However full set off available of input tax paid on purchases, from within the State of Maharashtra, used in such exports. As there are no concessional forms under MVAT, the exporters may have to claim refund of the VAT paid on their purchases (inputs).

However, the trading exporters (who were earlier purchasing goods against Form 14), may purchase such goods against Form H of CST Act, provided all other conditions of section 5(3) of CST Act are fulfilled.

Inter state Sales: – The transactions of inter state sales and inter-State movement of goods are governed by the CST Act. Thus the tax on such sale is levied according to the provisions of CST Act. Such transactions are not liable for VAT. However full input tax credit is available for the value added tax paid in Maharashtra. (Except in case of branch transfers/consignments, where there will be retention @ 4% or 3% as the case may be).

Tax invoice

Essential ingredients of a Tax Invoice: – Under the scheme of VAT, the most important document is tax invoice. A registered dealer is entitled to claim set off only on the basis of a valid tax invoice. Set off is not available on purchases affected through a bill or cash memorandum. A ‘Tax Invoice’ is must to claim input tax credit (set off). To be a valid tax invoice, section 86(2) provides that it shall contain the following particulars: –

  1. The word Tax Invoice in bold letter at the top or at a prominent place.

  2. Name, Address and Registration Number of Selling Dealer.

  3. Name and Address of the Purchasing Dealer.

  4. Serial Number and Date.

  5. Description, Quantity and Price of the Goods sold.

  6. The amount of tax charged, to be shown separately.

  7. Signed by the selling dealer or a person authorized by him.

  8. A declaration u/r 77(1).

Bill or Cash Memorandum

Section 86(6) requires every registered dealer to issue, at his option, either a Tax Invoice or bill/cash memorandum, for every sale made by him.

(Issue of bill/ cash memorandum or Tax Invoice, as the case may be, is mandatory for each transaction of sale exceeding Rs. 50/-).

The dealer, choosing to issue Tax Invoice must comply with the requirements prescribed in sec. 86(2), enumerated above.

The dealers, who have opted for Composition Scheme u/s. 42(1), 42(2) or 42(4), are not entitled to issue a Tax Invoice. Such dealers shall issue a bill or cash memorandum.

A bill or cash memorandum should be serially numbered, dated and signed by the dealer or his servant or manager. Such bill or cash memorandum shall contain such particulars as may be required/as may be prescribed. It shall also contain a declaration as provided u/r 77(3).

A duplicate copy of all such bills/cash memorandum or Tax Invoice is required to be preserved for a period of three years from the end of the year in which sale took place.

Composition Schemes

Section 42 provides for Composition Schemes for various classes of dealers, as may be notified by the State Government from time to time. The dealers opting for such composition schemes shall pay tax at such rates, with such conditions, as may be prescribed in the scheme. Accordingly the Government of Maharashtra has notified different types of composition schemes for following classes of dealers: –

(1) Restaurants, Clubs, Hotels and Caterers (2) Bakers (3) Retailers and (4) Dealers in 2nd Hand Motor Vehicles and (5) Dealers, who are in the business of giving on hire (leasing) of mandap, shamiana, tarpaulins, etc.

Works Contracts

As there is no separate Act governing works contract transactions, all such transactions are now taxable as deemed sales under the MVAT Act. The rate of tax, on such deemed sales of goods, used in the execution of works contract, shall remain same as prescribed in the aforesaid schedules to the respective goods. However the sale price of such goods has to be determined in accordance with the provisions contained in Rule 58 of the Maharashtra Value Added Tax Rules, 2005.

Accordingly the value of the goods, at the time of the transfer of property in the goods (whether as goods or in some other form) involved in the execution of works contract, has to be determined by effecting the following deductions from the value of entire contract in so for as the amounts relating to the deduction pertain to the said works contract: –

  1. Labour and service charges for the execution of the works contract.

  2. Amounts paid by way of price for sub-contract, if any, to sub-contractors.

  3. Charges for planning, designing and architect’s fees.

  4. Charges for obtaining on hire or otherwise, machinery and tools for the execution of the works contract.

  5. Cost of consumables such as water, electricity, fuel used in the execution of works contract, the property in which is not transferred in the course of execution of the works contract.

  6. Cost of establishment of the contractor to the extent to which it is relatable to supply of the said labour and services.

  7. Other similar expenses relatable to the said supply of labour and services, where the labour and services are subsequent to the said transfer of property.

  8. Profit earned by the contractor to the extent it is relatable to the supply of said labour and services.

Provided that where the contractor has not maintained accounts which enable a proper evaluation of the different deductions as above or where the Commissioner finds that the accounts maintained by the contractor are not sufficiently clear or intelligible, the contractor at his option or, as the case may be, the Commissioner may in lieu of the deductions as above provide a lump sum deduction as provided in the Table below and determine accordingly the sale price of the goods at the time of the said transfer of property.

Works Contract – Sale Price



Serial No.

Type of Works Contract

*Amount to be deducted from the contract price (%)





Installation of plant and machinery

Fifteen per cent.


Installation of air conditioners and air coolers 

Ten per cent.


Installation of elevators (lifts) and escalators

Fifteen per cent.


Fixing of marble slabs, polished granite stones and tiles (other than mosaic tiles)

Twenty five per cent.


Civil works like construction of buildings, bridges, roads, etc.

Thirty per cent.


Construction of railway coaches or under carriages supplied by Railways

Thirty per cent.


Ship and boat building including construction of barges, ferries, tugs, trawlers and dragger

Twenty per cent.


Fixing of sanitary fittings for plumbing, drainage and the like

Fifteen per cent.


Painting and polishing 

Twenty per cent.


Construction of bodies of motor vehicles and construction of trucks

Twenty per cent.


Laying of pipes

Twenty per cent.


Tyre retreading

Forty per cent.


Dyeing and printing of textiles

Forty per cent.


Annual Maintenance Contract

Forty per cent.


Any other works contract

Twenty five per cent. (w.e.f. 01.04.2006)

* The percentage given in the Table should be applied on total contract price after deducting the price on which tax is paid by sub-contractor. It is also provided that if any tax is separately charged by the contractor as per terms of contract then the deduction should be after excluding such separate tax.

The value of goods so arrived at under Rule 58 (1) shall, for the purposes of levy of tax, be the sale price or, as the case may be, the purchase price relating to the transfer of property in goods (whether as goods or in some other form) involved in the execution of a works contract.

The dealer, opting to pay tax as per the above scheme, is entitled to take full input tax credit; i.e., full set off of MVAT paid on purchases eligible for setoff.

Works Contract – Composition SchemeS

Section 42(3) provides for a Works Contract Composition Scheme, whereby a dealer, at his option, may choose to pay tax @ 5% on Construction Contracts (as notified) or in case of other contracts @ 8% on the total contract value. (After deducting therefrom the amount paid towards sub-contract, if any.)

However, in respect of such (other) contract/s, where the dealer has chosen to pay tax by way of composition @ 8% , the amount of set off available on inputs will be restricted to 64% of the
total amount of set off for respective goods used in such

In case of construction contracts (notified), where the dealer has chosen to pay composition @ 5% (w.e.f. 20.06.2006), the set off on inputs is available subject to retention @ 4%, as provided in Rule 53.

Such retention/reduction shall not apply to set off on capital assets, the goods, the property in which not passes in the execution of works contract. (w.e.f. 08.09.2006)


  1. A dealer, executing works contract, whether chooses to pay tax u/r 58 or under the composition scheme, u/s 42(3), is entitled to issue tax invoice in respect of all such sales effected by him by way of execution of works contract, by charging tax separately in such tax invoice.

  2. A dealer (contractor) is free to choose either sale price method or composition scheme, as he may deem fit, qua each contract. There is no requirement of any prior approval etc.

  3. The relationship between the contractor and sub-contractor is considered as that of principal and agent. Thus the responsibility for payment of tax is joint and several. It has been provided, therefore, that liability to pay tax may be discharged either by the main contractor or the sub-contractor. If the main contractor chooses to pay tax on the entire contract, he may issue a declaration and certificate (in Forms 406 and 409) whereby the sub-contractor shall not be liable to pay tax on the portion of work undertaken by him. Similarly where the sub-contractor undertakes to pay tax, he shall issue a declaration and a certificate, (in Forms 407 and 408), to the main contractor regarding payment of taxes made by him on his portion of works contract. Thus the main contractor will be liable to pay tax only on the difference.

Construction Contracts

The Government of Maharashtra, vide Notification No. VAT.1506/CR-134/Taxation-1, dated 30.11.2006, has notified the following works contracts to be the ‘Construction Contracts’ for the purposes of clause (i) of the Explanation to sub-section (3) of section 42 of the Maharashtra Value Added Tax Act, 2002: -

(A) Contracts for construction of, —

(1) Buildings, (2) Roads, (3) Runways, (4) Bridges, Railway overbridges, (5) Dams, (6) Tunnels, (7) Canals, (8) Barrages, (9) Diversions, (10) Rail tracks, (11) Causeways, Subways, Spillways, (12) Water supply schemes, (13) Sewerage works, (14) Drainage, (15) Swimming pools, (16) Water Purification plants and (17) Jettys

(B) Any works contract incidental or ancillary to the contracts mentioned in paragraph (A) above, if such work contracts are awarded and executed before the completion of the said contracts.

Works Contract – Ongoing contracts

In respect of contracts, which have entered into and commenced before 1st April, 2005 and continued thereafter, the dealer is required to discharge his tax liability, under the MVAT Act, in accordance with the provisions of earlier law (i.e., old Works Contract Tax Act). Thus the dealer shall be liable to pay tax on such ongoing works contracts at the rate/s prescribed (or as per the old composition scheme, if so adopted) under the earlier law. And such a dealer shall not be entitled for any set off on purchases of goods used in the execution of such ongoing works contracts.

Works Contract – TDS Provisions

Section 31 provides that the Commissioner may, by notification, require any dealer or person or class of dealers or persons (hereafter referred as ‘the employer’) to deduct tax on such amount payable on the purchases effected by them, as may be notified.

All such employers shall have to: –

  1. Deduct tax, at prescribed rate, from the amount paid or payable to a contractor during a given period.

  2. Deposit the amount so deducted with the Govt. Treasury within 21 days from the end of month in which such tax deducted or required to be deducted. (Return cum Challan Form 405)

  3. Issue a certificate of deduction of tax, immediately, in Form 402.

  4. Maintain necessary records in prescribed format, Form 404.


  1. The TDS provisions are applicable only to specified employers.

  2. A contractor, awarding sub-contracts, is not required to deduct TDS from such sub-contractor/s.

  3. TDS provisions are not applicable in respect of works contract liable to tax under the CST Act.

  4. TDS not required to be deducted where the amount or the aggregate of the amount payable to a dealer by such employer is less than rupees 5 lakhs during the financial year.

  5. TDS is required to be deducted on the amount paid/payable in respect of works contract. Thus TDS not to be deducted on taxes (whether VAT or service tax) charged separately by the contractor.

  6. No TDS on advance payments, however TDS on such advances to be deducted at the time when such advance is adjusted towards the amount payable.

  7. A contractor can apply in Form 410 for a certificate of no deduction of tax at source if the contract is not a works contract.

Employers notified for the purposes of TDS

Serial No. 

Classes of Employers

Amount to be





The Central Government and any State Government



All Industrial, Commercial or Trading undertakings, Company or
Corporation of the Central Government or of any State Government, whether set up under any special law or not, and a Port Trust set up under the Major Ports Act, 1963



A Company registered under the Companies Act, 1956



A local authority, including a Municipal Corporation, Municipal Council, Zilla Parishad, and Cantonment Board



A Co-operative Society including a Co-operative Housing Society registered under the Maharashtra
Co-operative Societies Act, 1960

Two per cent of the amount payable as above in the case of a contractor who is a registered dealer and four per cent in any other case


A registered dealer under the Maharashtra Value Added Tax Act, 2002



An Insurance or Finance Corporation
or Company; and any Bank included in the Second Schedule to the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, and any Scheduled Bank recognised by the Reserve Bank of India



Trusts, whether public or private


A co-operative housing society, registered under the Maharashtra
Co-operative Societies Act, 1960,
which has awarded contract of value aggregating to rupees ten lakhs or more in the previous year or as the case may be in the current year.


Rate of TDS

TDS has to be deducted @ 2% if the contractor is a registered dealer under MVAT Act, otherwise @ 4%.

Tax on Right to Use Goods (Leasing and Hire Charges)

Earlier the tax on leasing and/or hire charges was payable under the provisions of Maharashtra Tax on Right to Use Goods Act. But now, as there is no separate Act, all such transactions of deemed sale shall be liable to tax under MVAT Act at the same rate of tax as prescribed in the aforesaid schedules.

Determination of sale price in certain cases

Sale of Food by Residential Hotels

Rule 59 provides for determination of taxable turnover of sales/service of food & drinks in case of residential hotels charging composite amount, for lodging and boarding, which is inclusive of breakfast, lunch, or dinner or any such combination. The turnover in such cases has to be determined by applying specified percentage on the amount of such composite charges.

Reduction in Sale Price in certain cases

  1. If a dealer has chosen not to collect tax separately from its customers, the tax payable by him on the turnover of sales shall be calculated by reducing from the turnover of sales an amount arrived at through the following formula:– [Rule 57 (1)]

    Sale Price * Rate of Tax/100+Rate of Tax

  2. In case of a dealer selling goods, originally manufactured by a dealer enjoying exemption under the Package Scheme of Incentive, and the tax is not recovered separately in his purchase invoice. The taxable turnover shall be determined by reducing from the sale price, the amount of purchase price paid in respect of such goods including the price of goods used in the packing if packing is charged separately. [Rule 57(2)]

Sale/Purchase of Goods by PSI Units

PSI Units: – The units enjoying benefits, whether by way of exemption or deferral, under the Package Scheme of Incentives may continue to enjoy the same. However they will now have to effect their purchases by paying full tax and claim refund of such tax paid on their purchases. (There are no concessional forms, such as BC Forms, etc., which were available earlier under the Bombay Sales Tax Act/Rules).

Resale of goods purchased from PSI Units: – As the units, enjoying exemption, do not charge tax on their sale, the subsequent dealer will not be in a position to take input tax credit. It is provided, therefore, that such subsequent dealer shall pay tax under the reduced value method; i.e., reducing the sale price by the amount of purchase price. Thus the tax is calculated on the amount of value addition only. Such a dealer, reselling goods purchased from PSI unit, shall make an additional declaration, as prescribed in Rule 77(2A), in his Tax Invoice or bill or cash memorandum as the case may be.

Maintenance of Accounts

Section 63(1) requires, every dealer, liable to pay tax under the MVAT Act, and any other dealer who is required to do so by the Commissioner, to maintain a true account of the value of goods sold or purchased by him.

Sections 63(2) and (3) empowers the Commissioner to give direction to any dealer or any class of dealers to maintain accounts and records in such form and in such manner, as may be directed by him in writing.

Section 63(4) requires every dealer to keep all his accounts, registers and documents relating to his stock of goods, purchases, sales, delivery of goods and payments made or received towards purchase or sale of goods, at his place of business.

Section 63(5) requires goods return claims to be made in the period (month, quarter, six months) in which appropriate entries are made in the books of account.

Similarly section 63(6) requires that the effect of all such debit notes or credit notes, which are in the nature of increasing or decreasing either sale price or purchase price of goods, shall be taken in the return for the period in which entries for such debit/credit notes are taken in the books of account.

Rule 68 requires every registered dealer to preserve all books of account, registers and other documents pertaining to stocks, purchases, dispatches and delivery of goods and payments made towards sale or purchase of goods for a period of not less than five years from the expiry of year to which they relate.

Audit of Accounts

Section 61 of MVAT Act requires certain dealers/persons to get their accounts audited by an accountant, within the prescribed period from the end of the year. The report of such audit is required to be furnished in a prescribed format. The provisions contained in the Act and Rules in this regard are reproduced below for the attention of members.

"61(1) every dealer liable to pay tax shall;

  1. If his turnover of sales or, as the case may be, of purchases, exceed or exceeds rupees forty lakh in any year, or

  2. If he is a dealer or person who holds licence in:–

(i) Form P.L.L under the Maharashtra Distillation of Spirit and Manufacture of Potable Liquor Rules, 1966, or

(ii) Form B-RL under the Maharashtra Manufacture of Beer and Wine Rules, 1966, or

(iii) Form E under the Special Permits and Licence Rules, 1952, or

(iv) Forms FL-I, FL-II, FL-III, FL-IV under the Bombay Foreign Liquor Rules, 1953, or

(v) Forms Cl-I, CL-II, CL-III, CL/FL/TOD III under the Maharashtra Country Liquor Rules, 1973,

Get his accounts in respect of such year audited by an Accountant, within the prescribed period from the end of that year, and furnish within that period the report of such audit, in the prescribed form, duly signed and verified by such accountant and setting forth such particulars and certificates as may be prescribed.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section, "Accountant" means a Chartered Accountant within the meaning of the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 or (w.e.f. 15.08.2007) a Cost Accountant within the meaning of Cost & Works Accountants Act, 1959).

(2) If any dealer liable to get his accounts audited under sub-section (1) fails to furnish a copy of such report within the time as aforesaid, the Commissioner may, after giving the dealer a reasonable opportunity of being heard, impose on him, in addition to any tax payable, a sum by way of penalty equal to one tenth per cent of the total sales.

Provided that the dealer fails to furnish a copy of such report within the aforesaid period but files it within one month of the end of the said period and the dealer proves to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that the delay was on account of factors beyond his control, then the Commissioner may condone the delay.

(3) Nothing in sub-sections (1) and (2) shall apply to Departments of Union Government, any department of any State Government, local authorities, the railway administration as defined under the Indian Railways Act, 1989, the Konkan Railway Corporation Limited and the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation constituted under the Road Transport Corporation Act, 1950."

"Rule 65. The report of audit under section 61 shall be in Form 704."

"Rule 66. The report of the audit under section 61 shall be submitted within ten months of the end of the year to which the report relates." For the periods 2005-06 and 2006-07 the due date has been extended to 30th June, 2008 and for filing of revised return based on Audit report the due date is now 31st July, 2008. The due date for filing audit report, in Form 704, for the financial year 2007-08 shall be 31st January 2009.

In order to ascertain whether any person or dealer is required to get his books of account audited under the MVAT Act, the following will have to be examined/determined: –

  1. For clause (1)(a): –

  1. Whether the person is a dealer within the meanings of section 2(8) of MVAT Act.

  2. If a dealer, then whether he is liable to pay tax under the provisions of MVAT Act. A useful reference may be made to section 3 of MVAT Act in this regard.

  3. If the dealer is covered by the provisions of section 2(8) as well as section 3, then it is immaterial whether the dealer has taken registration or not. Thus even an unregistered dealer may also be liable to get his books of account audited. The only criteria to be checked are whether the turnover either of sales or purchases exceeds the limit of Rs. 40 lakhs during a financial year.

If all the three criteria discussed above are fulfilled then such a dealer shall get his books of account audited as per the provisions of section 61 and shall submit the report of audit accordingly. It may be noted that for the purposes of section 61 the term ‘Turnover of Sales’ and ‘Turnover of Purchases’ have to be examined carefully. The same are defined u/s 2(33) and 2(32) respectively. A useful reference may also be made to the definition of ‘Sale’, ‘Sale Price’ and ‘Purchase Price’ as given u/s 2(24), 2(25) and 2(20) respectively.

It may also be noted that for the purposes of section 61 ‘Turnover of Purchases’ will include all purchases of goods within the State of Maharashtra whether it is trading goods, raw material, packing material, fuel, consumables, capital assets and/or purchase of goods in any other form say by way of expenses debited to Profit & Loss A/c such as Printing & Stationery, Repairs and Maintenance, etc. Likewise ‘Turnover of Sales’ shall also include, apart from normal sales, any sale or disposal of capital assets, scraps etc.

II. Clause (1)(b) of section 61 requires every person, whether a dealer or not, holding Liquor Licence of any of the categories as described in (i) to (v) above, to get his books of account audited. Thus all those persons, who are holding such a prescribed licence, irrespective of the amount of turnover of purchase or sales during a year, will be required to get their books of account audited and submit the report of audit accordingly.